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SPECIAL OPERATIONS

SPECIAL OPERATIONS

Command Special Operations Forces

Capable of successfully accomplishing exceptional missions that border on the impossible, Navy Special Operators emulate their daring predecessors, Lieutenant Félix Carlos Bondy Telleria main protagonist of the blasting of the Chilean ship Loa, on July 3, 1880 in the Callao; The Lieutenant of Fragata Decio Oyague, who flogged the Chilean schooner "Virgen de Covadonga" on September 13, 1880, in the waters of Chancay and the actions of May 24, 1880, by the Second Lieutenant Jose Gálvez, who sank The enemy boat Janequeo, in a confrontation with torpedo boats.

Inspired by these pioneers of Special Naval Operations in Peru and by the success of elite units during World War II with the Italian X Flotilla MAS and the UDT of the North America Navy, today the Operation Force Specials was born in the bosom of the then Service of Diving and Salvataje.

In 1958 Lieutenant Angel Castro along with four Sea Officers were sent to the Deep Diving School and then to the Basic Underwater Demolition School (BUD's) in the United States Navy. Subsequently, the Peruvian Navy continued to assign officers and junior staff to these programs.

With this background and before an initiative of the Joint Command of the Armed Forces, a board is appointed in order to evaluate the possibility of having a unit of tactical divers. This is how the School of Underwater Demolition was created on March 27, 1969, in which the first course of Underwater Demolition (DES) is carried out with volunteers from the Diving and Salaveje Service, as well as other specialties.

In the early 1970s, both the Underwater Demolition School and the Underwater Demolition Team remained attached to the Diving and Salvataje Service as an organic department. However, the marked role difference demanded that the Underwater Demolition Team be strengthened as a Combat Unit. Finally, the naval high command decides to grant him the status of Unit to Combat the Underwater Demolition Team on May 29, 1972, separating him organically and administratively from the Diving and Salvataje Service and changing the name to the Submarine Demolition Group.

This organizational change led to the redefinition of the Underwater Demolition Group mission, introducing for the first time and officially the concept of "Special Operations" in the Peruvian Navy. On December 27, 1978, the change of denomination was made available to the Special Operations Group. Finally, a few months later, in 1980, the then Ministry of the Navy resolved that the Naval Forces be formed, including the recent Special Operations Force.

Special Operators are men of cemented human values, sagacious, superior intellect, and physical and mental strength, conditions that are obtained after a long and rigorous selection process, which is complemented by a constant training. This makes them the elite combatants of the Peruvian Navy, able to perform in sea, land and air.

The presence of Special Operations in naval planning is transcendental, because they are an operational asset capable of producing effects at a strategic level and contribute tactical, innovative and bold solutions to complex military tasks. Therefore, his philosophy of life says it all: "Man is the weapon".

Amphibious Special Operations missions include long range infiltration operations from submarines or boats of various sizes, espionage, assaults and sabotage to moored or sailing vessels and port facilities. They carry out reconnaissance of beaches, blasting of submarine obstacles, inspection of helmets of naval units.

In the air, they use various airborne techniques such as controlled jumps and HAHO HALO high jumps), launching of fully equipped boats (Rubber Duck) and cargo in general, among others. These techniques allow them to insert Special Operators behind enemy lines or provide assistance from the air in the event of natural disasters, maritime accidents or search and rescue tasks on the high seas.

On the ground, they carry out operations of reconnaissance, destruction, ambushes, search and rescue of hostages, counter-insurgency operations in urban and rural areas, blasting both land obstacles with all kinds of explosives.

The excellent physical strength of the Special Operator is complemented by sophisticated equipment, modern weapons, night vision, submarine communications systems, underwater vehicles, laser rangefinders, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), stabilized binoculars, radio equipment, telescopic sights: daytime And night clubs, dive computers, pin locators, sonars, among others.
It also has an Explosive Deactivation Unit (UDE), whose Explosive Deactivation Equipment is made up of personnel specializing in the detection, deactivation and disposal of improvised explosive devices and unexploded ordnance, military supplies and humanitarian demining . Also, they are fundamental components of the Naval Security device, deactivating Improvised Explosive Artifacts (AEI) on land and aboard vessels, safeguarding strategic military assets, Naval Units (UU.NN) and Essential Public Services (SPE). This Operating Unit also contributes with search and rescue tasks, carrying out debris removal, controlled demolitions of infrastructure and for discharges.

In addition to the Special Operations Platoons and Explosive Deactivation Equipment, the Special Operations Boats that make up the Special Motor Boats Unit (ULE). They participate in Coastal Combat Support Operations (AOCL), contributing with their search and attack capabilities, stealthy displacement and high mobility to the tasks of maritime exploration, shore reconnaissance, attack or collision of enemy naval units and hostile vessels, Complemented the capabilities of the Peruvian squadron. They also carry out transport operations, insertion and recovery of Special Operators, which mainly includes Non-Cooperative Maritime Interdiction Operations.

The OES are warriors of sea, air and land, who, in assuming their duty, prefer victory before return, which is reflected in the following sentence: "We train day and night, in the worst conditions, accompanied only by our Moral and obsessive desire for the hour of truth to prove to ourselves that all this sacrifice was worth, proving that this group of elite men, sometimes misunderstood, had a little reason and that everything that We do is because we like our work ... risking life every minute makes it more interesting and mystical at the same time ... Lord, I pray you pick us up after having fulfilled our mission ... And after the victory, Brother, we see each other in heaven".